22 Countries With 4-Day Work Weeks (Trial, Proposal, Law)

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4-day work week countries

This post was originally written on January 3, 2022. Every time a notable four-day work week country announcement comes out, we update the post. Most recently, this post was updated on January 24, 2024 to include bills.

Here are all of the countries with four-day weeks in some form. They’ve either 1) implemented a four-day work week law, 2) proposed a new bill, or 3) are trialing it in some way. You’ll see I included city, state, and county governments as well to give a full picture of the movement from the public sector. I’ll update the list every time a notable announcement comes out. 

Table of contents:

13 Countries With Four-Day Work Weeks

Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic flagFour-day policy: Trial, 36 Hours

Start date: February 1, 2024

Source: “Employees will earn same salary but hours will be reduced from 44 to 36 hours as part of national voluntary trial, says government.”

 

Australia

Dominican Republic flagFour-day policy: Trial, Recommendation

Trial #2 recommendation date: September 13, 2023

Source: “Congratulations to the ACT for recommending a four-day week trial of the public service! This trial is for reduced hours, with no loss in pay! We are so excited to see Canberra move towards a four-day week.”

Trial #1 start date: August 1, 2022

Source: “In Australia’s six-month pilot, to begin in August, employees at 20 companies work one less day a week with no cut to their pay.”

Learn more about the average work week in Australia.

 

Brazil

BrazilFour-day policy: Trial, 32 Hours

Start date: September 5, 2023

Source: “Starting tomorrow, September 5, twenty Brazilian companies with more than 400 employees will participate in an experiment to test a four-day workweek in practice.”

 

Scotland

ScotlandFour-day policy: Trial, 32 Hours

Start date: September 5, 2023

Source: In the coming year, under public service reform, Yousaf’s PFG states: “Commence the Four Day Working Week public sector pilot by the end of this calendar year, to assess the wellbeing, environmental, and productivity benefits the Four Day Working Week could bring.”

  

Portugal

PortugalFour-day policy: Trial, 32 Hours

Start date: June 1, 2023

Source: “For the next six months, 39 private-sector businesses in the country will participate in a ‘government-funded’ pilot program in partnership with 4 Day Week Global.

  

South Africa

South AfricaFour-day policy: Trial, Non-Government

Start date: February 1, 2023

Source: “4 Day Week South Africa director Karen Lowe said a four-day work week pilot will start in South Africa in February 2023. She added that 20 companies have signed up for the trial, and the pilot will run for six months.”

 

Lithuania

Four-day policy: Permanent (For Parents Only), 32 Hours

Start date: April 21, 2022

Source: “Lithuania is the latest country to try out a four-day workweek, thanks to a policy passed by lawmakers yesterday (April 21). Under the new policy, which will take effect next year, public-sector employees with children under the age of three will be allowed to work 32 hours a week without any reduction in their pay. A standard workweek in Lithuania is 40 hours.”

Learn more about Lithuania’s 4-day work week.

  

Belgium

BelgiumFour-day policy: Permanent, 38 Hours

Start date: February 15, 2022

Source: “Workers in Belgium will soon be able to choose a four-day week under a series of labour market reforms announced on Tuesday. The reform package agreed by the country’s multi-party coalition government will also give workers the right to turn off work devices and ignore work-related messages after hours without fear of reprisal.”

Learn more about Belgium’s 4-day work week.

  

United Kingdom

United KingdomFour-day policy: Trial, Non-Government Bill

Start date: January 18, 2021

Source:

Non-government pilot: “The U.K. pilot of a four-day work week will begin in June with about 30 companies that have so far signed up for the trial. The six-month long program will see firms allowing staff to work 32 hours per week while leaving their compensation and benefits unchanged.”

Bill: September 25, 2022 – “A four-day work week bill was proposed in the United Kingdom. The bill will be discussed in the House of Commons on October 18, 2022.”

Source: October 8, 2023 – “The 4-day week is gaining momentum through policy changes such as this motion passed at The Green Party conference.”

Learn more about the four-day work week in the UK.

  

United Arab Emirates

United Arab EmiratesFour-day policy: Permanent, 36 Hours (4.5 Day Week)

Start date: December 7, 2021

Source: “The United Arab Emirates is moving federal employees to a four-and-a-half day work week to “boost productivity and improve work-life balance,” the government announced Tuesday.

  

Ireland

IrelandFour-day policy: Trial, Non-Government

Start date: Oct 31, 2021

Source: “So far, 20 companies have signed up to the six-month pilot, which will involve them trialing a reduction of working hours from February 2022.”

  

Spain

SpainFour-day policy: Trial, 32 Hours

Start date: Proposed: September 1, 2021

Source: “When the progressive party Más País launched in 2019, it included the 4-day work week as part of its platform, and went on to propose the trial that won the Spanish government’s approval in January. Although the specifics remain undecided, the pilot, which is expected to launch in September and last three years, will use 50 million euros in European Union funding to compensate an estimated 200 companies for reducing their employees’ work week to 32 hours—without cutting their salaries.”

Source: October 8, 2023 – “Four-day work weeks improved Spanish workers’ health such as by lowering stress while reducing fuel emissions and benefiting children, a pilot programme shows.”

Learn more about Spain’s 4-day work week pilot.

  

Japan

JapanFour-day policy: Recommendation

Start date: June 24, 2021

Source: “The country’s annual economic policy guidelines, released this month, unveiled plans to push employers to adopt four-day workweeks, marking official acceptance of a once-fringe approach.”

Learn more about Japan’s 4-day week recommendation.

  

Iceland

IcelandFour-day policy: Trial, 36 Hours

Start date: 2014 – 2021

Source: “The trials were conducted between 2015 and 2019, initiated by the Reykjavik City Council and the Icelandic national government. The trials ultimately involved 2,500 workers, more than 1 percent of the nation’s working population, who moved from working 40 hours a week to a 35- or 36-hour week, without a reduction in pay.”

Learn more about Iceland’s 4-day work week story.

 

 

8 Countries That Might Try The Four-Day Week Next

Let’s call this our honorable mention section.

Below, you’ll see a list of countries where notable politicians have unofficially recommended or acknowledged that a four-day work week could be a benefit for the country. There are no official bills or laws in place, but these countries are the best candidates to turn up on our official list next.

India

India has new labor laws they’ll vote on in 2022 that include a switch to a four-day, 48-hour work week (a compressed schedule, not reduced).

 

New Zealand

The former Prime Minister of New Zealand, Jacinda Ardern, unofficially encouraged employers to consider a shorter work week in a Facebook video.

 

Finland

Sanna Marin, the Prime Minister of Finland, discussed on a panel how a four-day, 24-hour-work week could be the future.

 

Canada

The Ontario Liberal Party (Canada) says they’ll launch a test program if elected in June of 2022.

 

Wales

Sophie Howe, Future Generations Commissioner for Wales, called for the Welsh government to launch a shorter working week trial.

 

Sri Lanka

Feb 27, 2022: The Central Bank of Sri Lanka proposed to reduce the standard working week from five days to four.

 

United States

Mar 22, 2022: A state representative suggested that the State of Pennsylvania (USA) should consider a 4-day, 32-hour work week.

March 1, 2023: The progressive organization called “Justice Democrats” in the United States has adopted a four-day working week.

 

Thailand

September 13, 2022: The Minister of State for Manpower for Thailand said that employers should consider flexible work arrangements including the four-day work week.

In this post, we track every 4-day work week bill that is currently proposed or has already passed.

 

Four-Day Work Week Bills

Country

Bill Date

Status

Source

Jan 18, 2023

Proposed

Trial

WMAR 2 News:

"Workers in Maryland we might soon say ‘Happy Thursday’ instead as the General Assembly takes a look at the Four–Day Workweek Act of 2023.


It's called House Bill 0181, the Four–Day Workweek Pilot Program and Income Tax Credit.

 
The bill proposes to give the Maryland Department of Labor the ability to promote, offer incentives, and support the experimentation and study of a 4-day workweek by both private and public employers.

2014 - 2021

Trial, Ended
36 Hours

Washington Post

"The trials were conducted between 2015 and 2019, initiated by the Reykjavik City Council and the Icelandic national government. The trials ultimately involved 2,500 workers, more than 1 percent of the nation’s working population, who moved from working 40 hours a week to a 35- or 36-hour week, without a reduction in pay."

India

Dec 20, 2021

Proposed

48 Hours

"If the new labour codes are implemented, there's a likelihood that employees in India may be able to enjoy a four-day workweek from next year, as opposed to the current five-day workweek. In that case, however, employees will have to work for 12 hours on those four days since the labour ministry has made it clear that even if the proposal comes through, the 48-hour weekly work requirement has to be met."

Canada

December 6, 2021

Proposed
Trial

Legislative Assembly of Ontario:

"The Bill enacts the Four-Day Work Week Act, 2021. The Act establishes the Four-Day Work Week Commission, which will develop recommendations on how to implement a pilot project designed to determine the effectiveness of a four-day work week in Ontario."

Dec 7, 2021

Proposed

32 Hours

Business Insider:

"Progressives in Congress are lining up behind a bill that would shrink a regular week of work from 40 hours to 32 — bringing the four-day work week to America. The Congressional Progressive Caucus just endorsed the aptly named "32-Hour Workweek Act," according to a statement from Rep. Mark Takano, the Democrat representing California's 41st district.

See Also: California's 4-Day Work Week Bill

United Arab Emirates

December 7, 2021

Trial

36 Hours

The United Arab Emirates is moving federal employees to a four-and-a-half day work week to "boost productivity and improve work-life balance," the government announced Tuesday.

February 15, 2022

Passed

38 Hours

Euronews:

"Workers in Belgium will soon be able to choose a four-day week under a series of labour market reforms announced on Tuesday. The reform package agreed by the country's multi-party coalition government will also give workers the right to turn off work devices and ignore work-related messages after hours without fear of reprisal."

February 17, 2022

Trial

32 hours

"Spain has announced that it will experiment with a trial four-day workweek, according to the Guardian. The Spanish government agreed to a 32-hour workweek over three years, without cutting workers’ compensation."

Malta

February 25, 2022

Trial

32 hours

Businesses would be given incentives to participate in a national four-day week trial, under a PN government. The proposal, announced in the party's election manifesto on Thursday night, is part of a new 'social pact' that also includes the introduction of a living wage. The PN's manifesto gave no detail about how the scheme would work or what incentives would be offered.

June 24, 2021

Proposed

32 Hours

Washington Post:

"The country’s annual economic policy guidelines, released this month, unveiled plans to push Japanese employers to adopt four-day workweeks, marking official acceptance of a once-fringe approach..."

September 3, 2021

Trial

32 Hours

Forbes:


"Scotland plans to launch a trial four-day workweek. The decision was the culmination of a campaign promise made by the ruling Scottish National Party. Workers will have their hours reduced by 20%, but won’t suffer any loss in compensation. The program will be funded by the SNP with a £10 million fund ($13.8 million U.S.)."

April 21, 2022

Passed
Partial
32 Hours

Bloomberg:


"Lawmakers in Vilnius backed legislation that allows public-sector employees with children under the age of three to work 32 hours per week. The reduced work week, which doesn’t apply to private-sector employees, will come into force next year."

September 25, 2022

Proposed
32 Hours

BBC:

Peter Dowd, Labour MP for Bootle in Merseyside, is campaigning for maximum hours to be cut back from 48 to 32.

The UK bill is due to be discussed in the House of Commons on 18 October."

How We Define The Status Of Each Bill

  • Proposed: This is a suggested law, a bill, currently in the state or country’s legislative process. It hasn’t yet been passed into law or denied.
  • Passed: This was a former bill that has been voted on affirmatively, but hasn’t yet been turned into a law.
  • Law: This was a former bill that has passed and is now a binding rule in the country.
  • Trial: This is a government sanctioned test of a four-day (or 32-hour) work week, but not a bill.

 

Cities & States Using A 4-Day Week

The four-day work week is taking place at the local government level, too. In the table below, you’ll find cities and states that are trialing or using a four-day work week.

Municipality

Policy

Date

Quote

City Of Morgantown, West Virginia (City)

For the next year a large majority of workers employed by the City of Morgantown will be working four days a week. 
The work week is Monday through Thursday from 7 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., according to interim Morgantown City Manager Emily Muzzarelli.

'Employees will work their 40 hours in four days or four 10-hour days,' she said."

Boulder County, Colorado (County)

Trial

"Six Boulder County offices and departments will begin shifting to a four-day work week beginning in 2021.

The move is part of the county's four-day work week pilot program that will analyze the productivity, public satisfaction and cost savings after the four-month trial concludes in April 2021."

California (State)

Bill

"Progressives in Congress are lining up behind a bill that would shrink a regular week of work from 40 hours to 32 — bringing the four-day work week to America.

The Congressional Progressive Caucus just endorsed the aptly named "32-Hour Workweek Act," according to a statement from Rep. Mark Takano, the Democrat representing California's 41st district.

See Also: California Bill AB 2932

Iloilo, Philippines (City)

Permanent
40 Hours

"We need to adjust because of rising costs of fuel. This will mean savings on electricity and less traffic. As an added value, this will also allow our officials and employees to have quality time with their families for three days — Friday, Saturday and Sunday," said Mayor Jerry Treñas. City Hall targets to open from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m., Monday to Thursday, to cover the required 40-hour work week.

Keller, Texas (City)

Trial
40 Hours

"The Keller Town Hall, Municipal Service Center and the records department of the Keller Police Department will begin a trial of the “compressed work schedule” for employees beginning on May 28, according to a post by the City of Keller."

Learn more about the 4-10 schedule.

Golden, Colorado (City)

Trial 
32 Hours

"This summer, the city will launch 'The Best for Golden,' a program trial that moves all police department employees from a 40-hour workweek to a 32-hour workweek without a change in pay. 
The trial begins in July and will run through the end of the year."

San Juan County, Washington (County)

Permanent 
32 Hours

"A small island county in Washington state is moving most of its employees to a 32-hour workweek without lowering their pay."

See Also:

 

Learn About 4 Day Week Global (The Non-Profit Behind The Global Trials)

In all of the trials run in these countries, 4 Day Week Global is the not-for-profit organizing the campaign. We sat down with Dale Whelehan, CEO of 4 Day Week Global, to learn more about how the trials are going around the world. Take a look.

 

 

In which countries are the most 4-day companies located?

Right now, we have 290 four-day work week companies across 23 countries. 50% of four-day work week companies are located in the United Kingdom, 28% are located in the United States, 6% are located in Canada. No other country takes more than a 3% share.

Here is an analysis of company adoption of the four-day work week by country.

4 day work week country adoption

 

Which country is most well known for its 4-day work week?

IcelandBetween 2014 and 2021, Iceland ran a well-publicized trial of a 35-36-hour work week sponsored by the federal government. The trials covered 66 workplaces and 2,500 workers in total. Its purpose, however, was to measure the impact in a reduction of work hours not to measure the effectiveness of a four-day work week. Participating companies had the option to choose a four-day work week and the press latched on. Although some companies did reduce working hours as a result of the trial, it was by minutes (on average) not hours.

See Also: Every 4-Day Work Week Study

 

Which countries are experimenting with a 4-day work week in 2023?

In September of 2023, the Scotland’s government promised a “public sector pilot by the end of this calendar year.” In June of 2023, Portugal launched a six-week, government-funded four-day work week trial. In February of 2023, a 4-day work week trial launched in South Africa although no government funding was provided. 

 

Does Europe have a 4-day work week?

No. Each country within Europe (and each company within each country) can make its own decision about the typical work week length for a full-time worker. However, it is fair to say that European countries are leading the 4-day work week charge. These countries have tested it, proposed it as law, or actually put it into law: Iceland, Spain, Scotland, Ireland, United Kingdom, Belgium, and Lithuania.

 

Looking for a 4-day work week job?

Take a look at Flexjobs, the world’s biggest job board dedicated to remote and flexible work. You’ll find dedicated filters to “flexible” and “alternative” schedules. 

Search for 4-day work week jobs on Flexjobs.

 

Our Definitions For 4-Day Work Week Country Policies

Here’s how we define the four-day work week policies you see in that column:

  1. Permanent: The country has four work days each week indefinitely. 
  2. Trial: The country is experimenting with a four-day week over a fixed time period. 
  3. Work Hours: Employees work these amount of hours each week spread over the four working days.
  4. 4.5 Day Week: The policy includes working a half-day on Friday (not fully a four-day work week).
  5. Recommendation: This is an officially released recommendation from the government to companies, but nothing is mandated.
  6. Non-Government: This is a movement across the country, but not sanctioned by the government.
  7. Bill: This is a proposal law that has yet to be voted on.

 

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